Abnormally colored urine may be cloudy, dark, or blood-colored. All rights reserved. For example, orange or grey blood can sometimes indicate a vaginal infection. Animals may have red, blue, green, yellow, orange, violet, or colorless blood. This article provides information on commonly prescribed blood tests and the normal values of the blood components measured through the tests. Females that are producing eggs may have pale orange hemolymph, however. Unusual spotting or bleeding between menstrual cycles may be a sign of a sexually transmitted infection, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. An ocellated icefish, or Chionodraco rastrospinosus, Valerie Loeb and NOAA, via Wikimedia Commons, public domain license. Human blood contains hemoglobin, which is a complex protein molecule in red blood cells. Bright red blood indicates fresh blood and a steady flow. Lochia typically begins with bright red blood and then transitions to a darker shade as the flow decreases. Biliverdin is a green pigment produced from the breakdown of hemoglobin. It has the ability to rev desire; and not surprisingly when it is the color of fire, danger, and blood on one hand; and love, sexuality and passion on the other. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. Voted up and shared. Meanings: Red has a number of different contextual associations and in branding can deliver a highly visible punch. Susan Bailey from South Yorkshire, UK on May 05, 2013: Amazing hub. Blood that is darker in color is blood that is oxygenated, meaning that the blood has not traveled through the body as much, so the oxygen in the blood is not so depleted. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on January 18, 2017: This is something you need to ask your doctor about, christy. Are these all known colours of blood or are there even more colours? The color of blood is an interesting topic! Inside their bodies, an organ called the fat body makes an orange protein called vitellogenin. This is an amazing article! Oxygen dissolves better in cold water than warm water, though this property on its own is not sufficient to keep the fish alive. Learn more about your body and health according to the color of your blood! A new study suggests eating avocados daily for a 'happy' gut. The possible colors of period blood is a special topic that should be discussed with a physician. The high concentration of the molecules gives the blood a red appearance. On the other hand, it can resurrect feelings of despair and melancholy. Thank you very much for the comment. The coloring matter of blood (hemochrome) is largely due to the protein in the blood responsible for oxygen transport. Bright pink blood. Hormonal changes and health conditions can also affect the color and texture of period blood. Two copper atoms in the hemocyanin join to one oxygen molecule. The color red also often represents bloodshed. You've probably hit the heart or lungs. One example related to your question is the use of methylene blue to remove excess methemoglobin from the blood. RevolverOcelot, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 License. They are also called crocodile fish due to the shape of their long snout and white-blooded fish because their colorless blood has no red blood cells and no respiratory pigment. When we look at the veins close to the surface of our body, such as those in our hands, they do appear to be blue in color. Sea cucumbers extract vanadium from sea water and concentrate it in their bodies. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), menorrhagia is when a person has unusually heavy menstrual bleeding or periods that last for more than 7 days. The blood (hemolymph) of some invertebrates contains hemocyanin instead of hemoglobin. Other symptoms of bacterial vaginosis include: People with symptoms of bacterial vaginosis should see a doctor or gynecologist. Other symptoms of cervical cancer include: Pink blood or spotting can occur when period blood mixes with cervical fluid. For example, the rate of your menstrual flow can affect period blood color. Black blood can appear at the beginning or end of a person’s period. luisj305 from Florida on January 22, 2014: Learned lots with this hub, really interesting. She often writes about the scientific basis of disease. Pink Pink blood with a lighter flow can indicate low estrogen levels. Hemoglobin is located in the red blood cells of humans. There are between 4 and 5 million red blood cells in each cubic millimeter (or microliter) of an adult female's blood and between 5 and 6 million in the same volume of an adult male's blood. Here are four Blood colors decoded. Thanks for the comment, Fern. Its main location in most vertebrates is in bile, a secretion produced by the liver. Women who experience bleeding during pregnancy should see their doctor or obstetrician. Insects generally have colorless blood since they have no respiratory pigment. These small pieces of tissue, or clots, in the blood are not a cause for concern. Although orange period blood or discharge does not always indicate an infection, it is a good idea for a person to see a doctor or gynecologist for an evaluation. Methemoglobinemia is a disorder in which too much methemoglobin is made. Having taught science, I knew most of this, but I'm willing to bet many who read this will find this to be new information that they were not aware of. Thank u very much for the information,without this what would have happened? Dark red blood Read on, if you are confused about your blood reports. Period Blood Colors and Textures: What Do They Mean? Some annelids with the pigment also contain hemoglobin, which masks the green color. Not all blood is red. They are typically used to check if drugs exist in a persons system, if medications for a disease work, if there are any mineral imbalance within the body and if the organs are working appropriately. In the first place, it is important to note that the color of blood has a relation with the amount of oxygen in the red blood cells. Top things to know about period blood color Changes in period blood color are normal Dark red, brown or black period blood is simply blood that has reacted with oxygen. Who knew? Some precautions are needed in an interpretation of the colour change, however. Now I know the different color of the blood. Find answers, here. Women who experience very heavy bleeding after giving birth should see a doctor. The fish have a number of adaptations that allow them to live successfully in cold water. The blood may sometimes appear pale yellow, which is believed to be due to the presence of colored molecules from food. Fern deLange from British Columbia on July 07, 2018: Thank you so much for creating this article! There are numerous blood test abbreviations, understanding of these abbreviations will help you ascertain what blood tests results mean, and help you collect a clear understanding of bloo… It belongs to a group of chemicals known as sulfonamides. Could a supplement be as effective as exercise at protecting health? Blood that mixes with cervical fluid can also appear orange. Brown discharge or spotting during pregnancy can indicate a miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy, which is when the fertilized egg implants in a fallopian tube instead of the uterus. It can come in a rainbow of shades from pink … MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. This is because the blood of human beings carries oxygen to all the parts of the human body. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on December 03, 2012: Hi, ignugent17. It may also be caused by chemicals in medications or food. So it essential for people to learn what is normal for them. Leah Kennedy-Jangraw from Massachusetts on March 18, 2013: Really interesting article, I enjoyed the mix of the basic physiology along with the various human pathologies as well as a look at blood color in lower species. The more oxygen the red cells are carrying, the brighter red blood appears. The CDC recommend seeing a doctor if a person has one of the following: The CDC also list the following as causes of menorrhagia: Without treatment, menorrhagia can lead to complications, such as anemia or chronic fatigue. When we look at the veins close to the surface of our body, such as those in our hands, they do appear to be blue in color. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on December 04, 2012: Thank you very much for the lovely comment, Dianna! Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 16, 2017: Thanks for the comment, Zachary. The implication is that the higher the oxygen in the blood, the more red it will appear. While some consider this topic firmly in the too-much-information category, many women wonder about changes in period blood colors and texture. A lot can change from month to month in your own cycle, especially (don’t be scared!) This pigment is colorless when deoxygenated and pink-violet in color when oxygenated. The hemolymph doesn't transport oxygen and therefore doesn't need respiratory pigments. The vanadium is used to make proteins called vanabins, which become yellow when they're oxygenated. Thank you for your in-depth and interesting research. In this article, we present a period blood chart and discuss what the different colors of period blood can mean. The healthy human blood color is bright red. The altered molecule can't transport oxygen. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on November 23, 2017: Hi, Missy. Animals may transport some substances in a different way from humans, however. Methemoglobin has a chocolate-brown color. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency. What it looks like: While still definitely in the red color family, this red is a little deeper and darker. Outside of science, however, it's often called blood. It will be interesting to see what future research reveals about respiratory pigments. Gray discharge is usually a sign of bacterial vaginosis, a condition that occurs due to an imbalance between beneficial and harmful bacteria in the vagina. The function of all blood is to transport vital substances around the body. Some members of the phylum Annelida (segmented worms and leeches) contain a green respiratory pigment called chlorocruorin. During menstruation, the body sheds tissue and blood from the uterus through the vagina. The high concentration of methemoglobin causes the blood to appear red brown or even chocolate brown. Changes in the color of your period blood usually mean that you are having a normal period. What should a woman know about vaginal discharge at any stage of the menstrual cycle? Rarely, bright red bleeding may be a sign of cervical cancer. Red. Deb Hirt from Stillwater, OK on December 02, 2012: There is a lot of great information here. There is the capacity for each red blood cell to hold 4 oxygen molecules at a time. Answer: Your nurse is correct with respect to the potential effect of high triglycerides in the blood, plasma, or serum. We also cover color changes during a period, what clots mean, and when to see a doctor. Blood color of dialysis patients can be seen routinely. Bilirubin collects in the skin and the whites of the eyes, causing these areas to turn yellow. A doctor must be consulted. Dark red or brown vaginal discharge that occurs after giving birth is called lochia, or postpartum bleeding. Veins on the back of the hand show up more clearly as we age due to tissue loss and other changes. The deoxygenated hemoglobin is transported back to the lungs through the venules and the veins to pick up a fresh supply of oxygen. The color of your period blood may also provide some insights into what else is going on inside your body. Members of the phylum Arthropoda and the phylum Mollusca have an open circulatory system. This antigen family contains many members, so its absence in golden blood is interesting to researchers. Like hemoglobin, hemocyanin transports oxygen and is a protein that contains a metal. Very interesting content. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on January 15, 2018: Thank you very much for the kind comment, Alyssa. Prabhat. THANKS....................... Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 09, 2014: Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on January 22, 2014: Thanks for the comment, luisj305. Sometimes, it can be an early indication of pregnancy…, Yellow discharge before a period can have a range of potential causes. Aradia refers to Tavros and herself (the two being the lowest on the hemospectrum) as \"rust bloods,\" while Terezi, Vriska and Equius have all been referred to as \"blue bloods.\"\"Lowbloods\" is used to refer to the lower half of the spectrum, and \"highbloods\" is used to r… Blood from these tears can mix with vaginal fluids and exit a person’s body as pink discharge. Jusben, via morguefile.com, morgueFile free license. Natural nitrates in foods can cause methemoglobinemia in babies if they are eaten in excess. Black blood can sometimes also indicate a blockage inside a person’s vagina. Brown blood or spotting can sometimes also be an early sign of pregnancy that doctors refer to as implantation bleeding. It may…, A light period is when someone has less menstrual blood or a shorter period than usual. It is important for women who experience spotting or vaginal bleeding during pregnancy to speak to their doctor or obstetrician. Oxygen is transported around an insect's body in a network of tubes known as the tracheal system. Please tell me about golden blood. The color and consistency of period blood can provide useful information about a person’s overall health. The fluid in the circulatory system is technically known as hemolymph. I can't diagnose an individual's problem, since I'm not a doctor. It is important for women who experience vaginal bleeding while pregnant to see their doctor or obstetrician. Different groups of organisms use different proteins. Question: What is the color of cow and bull blood? They also have a larger blood volume than fish of a comparable size that have red blood as well as more blood vessels in their skin. Thank you so much for sharing this! It embodies so many wonderful qualities, including love, kindness, and familiarity. itching or swelling in or around the vagina, foul-smelling vaginal odor that people often describe as “fishy”, bleeding that requires a person to change a tampon or pad after less than 2 hours, blood with clots that are the size of a quarter or bigger, growths on the uterus, such as uterine fibroids or polyps, irregular periods that change in length and flow from one month to the next. It is a bold, energetic and lively color that can symbolize strength, confidence and power. Women who experience bleeding during pregnancy should see a doctor or obstetrician for an evaluation. The iron joins reversibly with oxygen. People who experience unusually long or heavy periods may require an appointment with a doctor. It helped us a lot in our science project. The blue appearance is caused the behavior of light as it enters and leaves the body through the skin and not by the the blood itself. Well, actually, yes. A squashed mosquito may release red blood, but this comes from the animal or human that provided the mosquito's last meal. Healthy period blood can contain visible pieces of the uterine lining. Thank you very much, Martie. When the iron is in this form, hemoglobin can't transport oxygen and the cells can't make enough energy. The alpha and beta chains have a different sequence of amino acids. This color might be everywhere, but it doesn’t belong your menstrual blood, according to Dr. Ross. Blood leaving the heart, called arterial blood, is pumped from the lungs back to the heart by the pulmonary artery, and it contains a large amount of oxygen for delivery around the body. the color of your blood. This article helped me learn about the different color of blood THANK YOU. Sumatriptan is sometimes known as Imitrex. Healthy period blood typically varies from bright red to dark brown or black. This is really interesting. Blood in veins isn't blue, even though in illustrations of the circulatory system the veins are traditionally colored blue. Deep/Dark Red Period Blood. Fascinating discourse, m'dear, which I shall save and refer to if anyone should need a 'bloody' answer. The pale colors which are sometimes seen in the liquid are thought to be due to the presence of pigmented food molecules that have entered the hemolymph. A period may start with bright red bleeding and darken towards the end of the period. But if the color is a bright orange, it may indicate an infection. The copper is actually in the form of the copper (I) ion (one which has a +1 charge) when it isn’t bound to oxygen and the copper (II) ion (one which has a +2 charge) when it is bound to the oxygen. Thank you, Alicia. Black is an incredibly strong and intimidating color that exudes authority and makes us feel secure and protected. This makes the hemolymph look blue. Dark-colored blood, called venous blood, is dark because it has become deoxygenated after having traveled through the body before returning to the heart drained of oxygen. The color is typically a sign of old blood or blood that has taken longer to leave the uterus and has had time to oxidize, first turning brown or dark red and then eventually becoming black. Simply put, the color red can’t be described in a word or two. The blood also contains a very high concentration of biliverdin, however. It is always nice to know something new. Some marine invertebrates have hemerythrin as a respiratory pigment. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 07, 2018: That's a very interesting idea for using the knowledge of different blood colours! It is highly possible that you will require a blood test at one point in your life. However, hemocyanin contains copper instead of iron. Thank you very much for the visit and comment. I would be amazed if I bled green blood, too! This may be due to a mixture of blood and cervical fluids. Confused about the blood test results and their meaning? The blood of bulls generally has a higher concentration of red blood cells and hemoglobin than the blood of cows. It's blue in its oxygenated form and colorless in its deoxygenated form. The iron reacts with oxygen, giving blood its red color. This can change the colour of the blood from an abnormal dark red-brown colour to the normal red colour. Blood / #8a0303 Hex Color Code. Icefish are the only vertebrates with colorless blood. Period blood can vary from bright red to dark brown according to changes in flow. Hemocyanin is blue in its oxygenated form. In some countries, its name is spelled haemocyanin. Thanks for the above information. Blood color can indicate where a shot landed and, knowing that, the shades of blood offer clues about where the animal can be recovered. In the lungs, oxygen that we inhale binds to the iron in the hemoglobin molecules. At least some species of sea cucumber have hemoglobin in their circulatory fluid. Sulfhemoglobinemia is usually caused by exposure to high doses of certain medications and chemicals. Some have hemoglobin like us, some have different respiratory pigments, and some have no respiratory pigments at all. Beet man, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 License. All blood in the body is red, although the shade of red varies. Not all women experience lochia after giving birth. Your blood may appear pink in color at the beginning or end of your period, especially if you’re spotting. Growths in the uterine lining, called polyps or fibroids, can also cause unusually heavy bleeding. Understanding the meaning of the blood test results is essential if you want to know the exact nature of your illness. The color of power and sophistication. Therefore the veins look blue to us. 10. When stool color changes, a person, parent, or caregiver often becomes concerned. The slide may have been contaminated with a chemical or there may be a medication or internal condition in your body that is causing the green color. I am continually impressed by your articles. A very high triglyceride level can cause blood, plasma, or serum to have a milky appearance. The insect in the photo above is a Peleides blue morpho butterfly (Morpho peleides). allinonemovie, via pixabay, CC0 public domain license. Share this article via email with one or more people using the form below. Vitellogenin is secreted into the hemolymph, giving it a slight color. Most forms of the disease can be treated successfully, often by methylene blue administration by a medical professional. In some cases, though, changes in urine color can be caused by specific health problems. The presence of the bilirubin in the bile (a breakdown product of the hemoglobin in red blood cells that are normally destroyed after a useful life of several weeks) is generally responsible for stool color. Other causes of pink period blood can include: During pregnancy, pink discharge that contains tissue and occurs alongside cramps may indicate a miscarriage. Stool (feces, poop) color is most commonly brown. Can substances--such as medical treatments or injections--change the color of your blood? Oxygenated hemocyanin in spider hemolymph absorbs all colours of light, except blue, which it reflects to our eyes. Jarich at the English Language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0 License. Hemoglobin is a respiratory pigment. 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